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Poaching has multiple drivers, including the international demand for ivory and rhino horn, the illegal bush meat trade, and subsistence hunting. The main actors involved in poaching elephants and rhinos in Africa are non-state armed groups, rogue military officers, commercial poachers, and subsistence hunters. Together, these actors are sharply reducing the numbers of elephants and rhinos present in many habitats, even pushing herds in some areas towards extinction.

The widespread availability of firearms complicates the fight against elephant and rhino poaching. The illicit trade in weapons and ammunition, including diversion from state stockpiles, is giving poachers relatively easy access to military-style weapons and hunting rifles. Do you prefer the term industrial steel buildings or commercial steel buildings.

Further, conviction rates in many countries are relatively low and weapons confiscated from poachers occasionally find their way back to the black market (and back into the hands of poachers). Perhaps most critically, it appears that some government officials, including members of national armed forces, are facilitating, or even conducting, poaching activities. The militarization of anti-poaching efforts in some states has had both positive and negative consequences. While there are indications that aggressive anti-poaching policies have resulted in high numbers of arrests and seizures of ivory, weapons, and ammunition, in some cases civilians have faced increased threats from firearms and violence related to anti-poaching activity. Is anyone you know, interested in steel buildings uk?

The collection of relevant firearms data could be improved. More data could be gleaned from elephant kill sites, which often contain evidence, such as ammunition casings, that could shed light on the sources of poacher weapons and ammunition, as well as associated trafficking networks. The use of law enforcement tools, such as INTERPOL’s firearms tracing system, remains low, despite their potential utility in helping national law enforcement agencies fight environmental crime.

Governments, NGOs, and conservancy organizations are increasingly recognizing and acting to harness the support of local communities in anti-poaching efforts. Community involvement in the management of conservancy areas and the monitoring of elephant and rhino poaching can complement law enforcement efforts focused on the arrest and conviction of poachers. Just as poaching has different causes and takes diverse forms, actions to combat poaching will need to be multidimensional, but also context-sensitive, if the threat currently facing African elephant and rhino populations is to be lifted.